School or college unions have produced many efficient leaders in our country. This promotes morale of employees and healthy interaction amongst members of the group. Account Disable 12. Some people are born as leader, but some other earns leadership qualities and become popular. This is characterised by high-relationship and low-task behaviour. Effective followers also are characterized by their ability to perform tasks with Leaders use economic rewards along with slight punitive measures to motivate the workers towards organisational goals. The data collected on their behaviour revealed that the boys were attracted more by the democratic style than the other two styles of leadership. Managers are different from leaders. Each style of leadership has varying degrees of concern for people and tasks. a) Employees are considered part of the system. Robert House identified dominance, self-confidence, need for influence and conviction of moral righteousness as traits of effective leaders. (d) Low consideration – High initiating structure. So, we have gone through different Leadership Styles and qualities. A man needs leadership qualities on him to start a business or to run an organization. Leadership is a process by which a person influences others to accomplish an objective and directs the organisation to make it cohesive and coherent. The willingness, enthusiasm and confidence that leaders build in the followers for accomplishment of individual and organisational goals results in their growth and development. A leader is not expected to know everything â this is why he employs knowledgeable and skillful employees. In this essay, certain counter arguments for transformational leadership are critically analysed and a position has been adopted that transformational leadership is better in the current business atmosphere. This develops their creative skills and prepares them to grow into potential managers. c. Leadership Styles related to maturity level of employees: Relationship between leader behaviour and maturity level of employees gives rise to styles of leadership. Traits desirable for one situation may not be suitable for another situation. (a) Leaders do not participate in the group working. Leaders realign their organisations with employees, customers, shareholders, suppliers, regulators and the communities in which they operate. When people work towards well-defined targets, they want feedback on their performance. Trait theory believes that successful leader has certain personal characteristics. In the long-run, it may lead to dissatisfaction and frustration amongst workers. Thus, while quantity of performance was sometimes higher in autocratic style and sometimes in democratic style, the quality (reflected in job satisfaction) was always higher in democratic style of leadership. As regards first aspect of trait theory, i.e. It is a relatively consistent pattern of behaviour, skills and practices that characterise one’s interaction with others in a situation requiring influencing. Laissez-faire leadership style can be diagrammatically represented as follows: The following table highlights the characteristics of different leadership styles: Researches have revealed that performance in terms of quantity of work is the least in laissez- faire leader ship style and it is almost the same in autocratic and democratic styles of leadership. Probably, it is one of the most important aspects of life. for positive contribution to organisational goals. He tries to understand their needs and finds ways to fulfill them. Based on these situational variables, leaders adopt one of the following four leadership styles: The leader tells the subordinates what he expects from them. The group, thus, has significant control on how tasks are to be accomplished. Essay on leadership: – Leadership is a special quality or skill that is possessed by very few people in this world. Fiedler’s contingency model has three elements: c. Relationship between leadership style and situational variables. Leader enjoys this power by virtue of his expertise and skill. It defines the extent to which leader engages in one-way communication, spells out the group’s roles and tells the members what to do, where to do, when to do and how to do. The role of the follower is many times understated. They prefer skills, knowledge, and experience rather than a certificate which states the achievement of finishing a course or a university degree. A leader works as captain of the team. Autocratic leadership can be diagrammatically represented as follows: This style involves the leader and one or more employees in the decision-making process (determining what to do and how to do). The leadership style is ‘delegating’ where the job is delegated to workers to be done on their own. Organisational tasks can be accomplished effectively when managers focus on employee development and growth. Informal leaders do not have formal authority over the followers. The scale indicates the “degree to which a man describes favourably or unfavourably his least preferred co-worker”. There should be an atmosphere of trust and understanding between leaders and stakeholders of the company for smooth running of the business. Situational theories emphasise on situation in formulating situational theories. Leadership is the set of managerial skills that allow an individual to influence a certain group of people and encourage them to work enthusiastically in order to achieve common goals and objectives. It helps managers in identifying the combination of people and task reflected in their leadership style. People should follow him voluntarily by virtue of what he is and what he does and not because of the position. According to this theory, leadership style depends on the situational requirements. Leadership essay example for scholarship pdf Leadership essay conclusion. Even if leaders and followers are ready to work together, the situation may not allow them to do so. In intermediate situations of leader-member relations, task structure and leader’s position power, the leader relies more on persuasion and personal skills to get the work done than issuing instructions as the group members may not wholly accept the leader and the leader may not even have the adequate authority to get the work done. It is the power by virtue of position in the organisational hierarchy. Conclusion of Leadership Essay â According to Warren Bennis âLeadership is the capacity to translate vision into realityâ. Democratic style of leadership has the following merits: The followers contribute to organisational goals not only because they are committed to do so but also because they are mentally and psychologically involved in attainment of these goals. Though this theory provides important insight into leadership styles dependant on the situation and readiness of employees to fit into that situation, it is difficult to know the readiness level of employees. In such cases, they are called benevolent autocratic leaders. According to them, there is no best leadership style. They only clear the doubts of group members. People follow a leader who has contacts with people of high social and economic status to elicit favours out of such persons. This is called consulting type of leadership style. In educational leadership, the teachers, students, parents and those who are involved in the process put their efforts together to upgrade the quality of education. Leadership is a basically a quality done leader by of raising person’s vision and motivating there team to a higher levels of performance and ability as well as building a task oriented team beyond normal limitations. The Michigan Studies identified two work groups consisting of people from business and non-business organisations. It inspires confidence and support among group members to achieve the organisational goals. It is based on researches conducted by psychologists and others who identified personal characteristics of individuals with leadership. A person becomes a leader because of his personal qualities. Are relationships based on respect and trust or on disrespect? If people and the leader like each other, employee-oriented leadership style is appropriate. The model is based on the following considerations: c. Leadership styles related to maturity level of employees. Which I believe is a good thing. Effective leaders make good use of informal communication to fill gaps in transmitting formal messages. Most students write a Scholarship Essay to prove that they are worthy to study in a reputable university. Looking for help with leadership papers from someone who is an expert in writing? This article is intended to focus on how the bond is created that provides the leader with the vehicle for success. Leaders should cooperate with the followers if they want the followers to cooperate with them. A good leader uses all three styles, depending on what forces are involved between the followers, the leader and the situation: 1. In order to be a good leader, one needs to have some unique leadership qualities or leadership skills. Leadership is a powerful word; it can represent the bad or good in a person. I am no longer the School Growth Teacher. Communication flows in both directions, up and down. “A leader is one who conducts, acts as a guide to others in action or opinion, one who takes the lead in any enterprise or movement, one who is ‘followed’ by disciples or adherents, the most eminent member of a profession, a person of eminent position and influence.”. Orgcontentco chapter applications of newtons laws case leadership study pdf position at t. S and t. S. Vibrating at a frequency f. Attitude is what shapes a leader. Today Team GuideToExam has crafted a number of essays on leadership for you. Leadership is the process as well as the ability of a leader to lead in a team in order to achieve a common task. He also possesses good communication skills so that he can communicate with his group. The employees know their jobs and want to become part of the team. Major control vests at the top but some part of it is shared with lower levels. 3. Who has the information – leader, employees or both? Simultaneously an efficient leader has decision-making capabilities too. By 1950, over around 100 studies were conducted to identify the leadership traits. (d) For leaders to be successful, their traits should match those of their followers so that decision-making process is effectively planned and implemented. In contrast, if the task is unstructured, goals are not well defined, ways of achieving goals are also not defined, leader and followers do not know what is to be performed by whom, it becomes difficult for the leader to influence his followers. People have to be guided to contribute to goals with zeal and confidence. Autocratic style of management is associated with task management where task and authority are well-defined. If top managers want middle and lower-level managers to adopt authoritative style, they follow it even if they wish to orient towards employee-oriented or supportive style of leadership. brevard.edu. Findings similar to Iowa Studies were observed in Michigan Studies also. 2. Ability to lead depends upon leader’s behaviour and not his traits. Developing Leadership Skills Essay I feel that this paper is important because it shows my understanding of the type of leadership skills it takes for a leader to become successful. While internals prefer participative style of management, externals refer directive style of management. Mentor. Good leadership essay introduction. In 1945, the Bureau of Business Research at Ohio State University conducted a research to identify leader behaviour in directing the group towards group goals. Hersey and Blanchard’s Situational Leadership Theory: The situational model developed by Hersey and Blanchard relates leadership style to situation and maturity level of employees. 1. A person becomes a leader because of his personal qualities. I believe that Superiors show some confidence in their subordinates. Uploader Agreement. 7. identifying traits of leaders and non-leaders, it is generally believed that leaders are born, not made. Leadership is a powerful influence to enforce discipline in the organisation. A salary cut or a vacation cut can enforce people conform to directions of the leaders. Production can be maximised through system 4 of management. Nursing Leadership Strong and effective nursing leadership that is founded on the principles of trust, respect It helps them understand the behaviour of subordinates relevant to their leadership style. As maturity level increases, readiness to do the work also increases. The leader adopts a task-oriented leadership style. where L = Leadership; I = leader; f = follower; s = situation. Report a Violation 11. If the leader has more position power (legitimate power), it is easy for him to exercise control over subordinates. According to them, leadership style, employee-oriented or production- oriented depends on where the leader positions himself on the managerial grid. He keeps a constant eye on his followers too. Leadership is the process by which an executive imaginatively directs, guides and influences the work of others in choosing and attaining specified goals, by mediating between individuals and the organisation in a manner that both obtain maximum satisfaction. A person with same traits may adopt autocratic style of leadership in one situation and democratic style in another situation. Leaders should have confidence that whatever they are doing, they are doing right. The leader provides direction and leads with his ideas, but he also hears the group feelings about decisions as well as their ideas and suggestions. People may be developed for one task, but not developed for another. Main features of this style are low-task and low-relationship behaviour of leaders. Employees become less resistant to change as they understand the benefits of change. leadership and management styles as drivers for change. They react favourably and behave the way leaders want them to behave. Structured task is divided into well-defined units, people know their responsibility and accountability. It is the power to punish undesirable tasks. Despite the limitations, trait theory holds goods in certain fields of discipline. This system represents optimum situation for the management or leadership style. An efficient leader can drive a company to the top with his leadership qualities. Leadership is embedded in every one of us, but the key is to unlock our personal passion which will give us the courage to do things that appear difficult, uncertain or even unpopular. Conclusion to leadership essay: – Leadership skills is a much-needed skill in any field â whether it is an organization or an institution. We have tried to highlight the maximum points in this leadership essay. When followers bestow confidence in leaders, leaders’ expert and referent power increases which further increases interaction between them and the followers. The employee needs to take ownership of his job. Leadership in Organization OR Organizational Leadership â In Organizational Leadership, the leader motivates the people to a higher level of performance by setting up goals for both individuals and for a group of peoples. Social skills may be important in one situation while the skill of being decisive and tactful may be important in the other situation. I do not feel that I have accomplished the leadership status, in a sense of people following or looking up to me. 5. The player who has leadership skills in his character is given the opportunity to lead the team. The skill of the leader affects all the system of the organization by their team members. Leaders provide them this feedback. A number of theories support situational approach to leadership. The focus of control for day-to-day decision-making and problem-solving shifts from leader to the group members. It should be the endeavour of every organisation therefore, to shift from system 1 to system 4 to achieve not only its own goals but also the individual goals. Path goal theory helps to find the path towards attainment of goals set by the leaders. (This is the favourable situation for leaders). If work is to be accomplished in a group, the leader also assesses the maturity level of the group besides that of individuals. As regards second aspect of identifying and comparing the traits of effective leaders with those of ineffective leaders, the studies have not been able to identify any set of traits which distinguish effective or successful leaders from ineffective or unsuccessful ones. Leaders are not born. Rewards are the motivating force that motivate them to behave in a positive manner. A leader has the quality to not only lead a group, but a good leader also keeps a constant eye on his followers so that his troops donât slip from the track. Leader behaviour and situation are other important factors that affect leadership. Content Guidelines 2. It is observed that system 1 is totally a production-oriented system and system 4 is totally an employee-oriented system. Leaders extensively interact with the subordinates and involve them fully in the goal setting process. Leadership style reflects different types of leaders. A good leader must have some unique qualities on him. Interference of leader in task accomplishment is minimum. As the leader is competent and a good coach, the employee is motivated to learn new skills. It exploits human potential to the fullest to contribute to organisational goals most effectively. Leaders should not just follow the precedents but think of new and innovative ways of doing things. In general, this approach leaves the team with little direction or motivation. Tell about your impact. This system of management also results in formation of informal groups but group goals are not always contradictory to formal goals of the organisation. This enhances their innovative and creative abilities to work towards group goals. Amongst a host of situational variables that affect the effectiveness of leadership style, Fiedler has identified three elements in the work situation that affect the leadership style. Employee-related functions that aim at keeping the employees satisfied. The extreme right democratic style assumes that leaders derive power from expert or referent sources and workers belong to Theory Y set of assumptions. However, the leader maintains the final decision making authority. Leaders motivate the employees by allowing them to participate in the decision-making processes. The following factors contribute to effective leadership: Leaders who deal with non-committed employees are effective if they adopt autocratic style of leadership. Essay on Social media advantages and disadvantages. They change the styles as desired by the situation. These are the extreme situations which may not always be found in the real business world. He can allow them to work on their own so that leader can perform other strategic functions (resource mobilisation, networking with other organisations, boundary management, expanding work etc.). Thus, development level is a task-specific concept not person-specific. Leader behaviour is directed towards accomplishment of the task. The main goal of educational leadership or leadership in education is to strengthen the quality of education. Leadership styles depict combination of freedom and authority in varying degrees. This style of leadership suffers from the following limitations: (a) Consulting subordinates every time a decision is made is time consuming. Here are some leadership qualities that a good leader must have: –. On the other hand, educational leadership also prepare a good learning environment for the students. This is a complex and difficult task for the leaders. Read here Best Essays and Speeches on Leadership for you School, Exam or for any Event. It describes the degree to which followers have faith and confidence in the leader. He motivates his team by empowering them and guides them with a loose reign. ADVERTISEMENTS: Leadership is defined as ‘the process in which an individual influences the group of individuals to attain a common goal’. The list of traits, therefore, has very little practical utility. (b) Suggestions given by subordinates may sometimes be better than what leaders can think of. Communication flows from top to bottom. Production is fairly good in this system of leadership and motivation of employees is mainly through rewards; penalties and punishments are used occasionally. (a) Workers do not get job satisfaction as they are not willing to work under negative style of leadership. Prohibited Content 3. 4. c. Relationship between leadership style and situational variables: Based on three situational variables and two leadership styles, Fiedler made eight combinations on the work environment. A dishonest person canât lead his group smoothly. Subordinates follow their instructions with commitment, dedication and loyalty and not mere compliance. d. It indicates that managers should attempt to move to the most desirable style, that is, 9.9 through training and development programmes. Plagiarism Prevention 5. He exercises minimum efforts to get the work done and group members perform the work themselves. As maturity of employees increases further (from M2 to M3), they are not only willing but also able to take added responsibility. It was something given, or assumed, that could be taken away. While management assumes hierarchical relationship amongst individuals, leaders and followers may not be related to each other through the formal chain of command. Authority exercised by the leader, and. No specific combination of traits was found to differentiate leaders from non-leaders. When people are familiar with autocratic leadership and, therefore, have less trouble adopting that style. It is the power to have access to organisational information. The path goal theory suggests ways that leader adopts to help workers attain their goals. The growth of the organization solely depends on the influence of leadership in organization. (f) Reduction in turnover and absenteeism: On-the-job satisfaction promotes commitment to jobs and people enjoy working in the organisation. 500+ Words Essay on Leadership. It represents somewhat predictable actions of leaders which followers can predict in specific situations. Traits are “distinctive internal qualities or characteristics of an individual, such as physical characteristics, personality characteristics, skills and abilities, and social factors.”. Whether or not followers are willing to take additional responsibility, whether or not they find the work interesting, to what extent they willingly subordinate individual goals in the interest of organisational goals and how much they participate in the decision-making processes, are some of the factors that leaders consider before adopting a leadership style. A good captain can lead his army/troops easily towards victory. The leader plays minor role in affecting the group goals. Laissez leadership, autocratic leadership, participative leadership are known as the classic styles of leadership. They issue instructions in official capacity. Four styles of leadership or systems are developed by Rensis Likert on the basis of leader behaviour based on seven variables. They persuade employees’ behaviour towards their personal goals of job satisfaction and higher-order needs of competence and achievement. This is not the authoritarian style… rather it is an abusive, unprofessional style called bossing people around. The leadership styles did not lie on a single continuum. A leader infuses a sense of positivity and directs others to reach the specified goal. They are now ready, able and willing to assume responsibilities with respect to their jobs. This represents a style where leader has low concern for both people and production. The aim continues to be production but with a friendly approach towards subordinates. Thus, there is no best style of leadership appropriate for all situations. People follow leaders because they like to associate themselves with them. Major decisions are made at the top and some routine decisions are taken at the lower levels. Content Filtration 6. Effective leaders help them to achieve personal goals along with organisational goals. The leadership style is different for different situations. Download. Short Essay on Leadership. Providing detailed guidelines for task performance, determining job duties of the team members and supervising them closely may be effective in a situation where team members do not have skills to understand the problem and the situation demands error-free, efficient and time-bound performance of the team. This is called the telling or directive style of leadership. Leader is an integral part of work and social life. Where there are good social relationships between the leader and the subordinates, the leadership style will be different from the situation where leaders and followers do not share common understanding. The leader controls the management. Effective leadership, therefore, requires greater understanding of the people, situation and ability of the leader to use appropriate style in the given situation. Leaders are believed to be those who have good physical appearance, are brighter than others, extrovert and confident in nature. The Principles of Police Leadership Essay. Dynamic and effective leadership leads an organisation towards success. Individuals who emerged as leaders could not be identified on the basis of common traits. 2. Simply leadership is the action of leading a group of people or an organization. Task-related functions that aim at goal accomplishment. Followers obey the instructions because of their position and not influential power. Important decisions are taken at the top level but operating decisions are taken by lower-level managers. Leaders are concerned more with task or production and less with people. He was servant first. They are moderately ready to do the work. This increases job satisfaction and cooperation of employees with the management. Principle of supplemental use of informal organisation: Though informal communication can spread rumours, it is a fast channel of communication. The leader knows the problem, but does not have all the information. Leadership Essay 2 Define Leadership - especially in the context of an educational setting. View Leadership essay.pdf from MANAGEMENT 300 at Bahria University, Islamabad. DoMyEssay can write essays for you on any topics you need. The victory of a war depends on good leadership skills. It does not fit into a leader’s profile. ii. Leadership is different from management. (e) Increase in job satisfaction and cooperation with management: Employees’ contribution to organisational goals makes them committed to their jobs and reduces inter-personal conflicts. Leadership plays a significant role in every organization success and helps in achieving the goal. Managerial grid has the following implications: a. People are not “fully developed” or “underdeveloped”. In an organization, it is almost impossible for the higher authority to maintain a relationship or to motivate the employees all the time. Maturity level is considered only for the specific task or function. (f) Traits are more often a result of leadership than the cause. As a result of the readings/videos, assignments, and discussions I was enlightened that situational factors can a strong effect on leadership. Nowadays more young woman graduate of Universities, yet the amount of female leader seems remarkable low (in 2012 only 16,6%). Leadership in organization: – An organization canât be imagined without a leader. Employees also put all their efforts to achieve those goals. They are ready to accept challenging jobs to increase their job satisfaction. Control is not vested at the top. Characteristic of a Leader: – Generally a leader is full of some leadership skills. (a) Since decision-making power is centralised, decisions are taken quickly. Leaders ensure that followers can adjust to their nature and behaviour before they adopt any style of leadership. After reading this essay you will learn about:- 1. Great leaders are also great communicators. It was based on studies conducted on some successful leaders and using their traits as parameters for defining who is a successful leader. While the leader sets goals with subordinates, he also helps the subordinates find the best path to achieve these goals, both; work goals and personal goals. The best style depended on the situation faced by the leaders. Meaning of Leadership 2. Essays, Research Papers and Articles on Business Management, Difference between Transactional and Transformational Leadership, Essay on Leadership: Top 7 Essays on Leadership, Essay on Leadership: Top 7 Essays | Hindi | Directing | Management, Leadership: Term Paper on Leadership | Process | Directing | Management, Long and Short Essay on Leadership in English, Essay on Leadership # Meaning of Leadership (Essay 1)Â, Essay on Leadership # Nature of Leadership (Essay 2), Essay on Leadership # Importance of Leadership (Essay 3), Essay on Leadership # Styles of Leadership (Essay 4), Essay on Leadership # Theories of Leadership (Essay 5), Essay on Leadership # Effective Leadership: (Essay 6), Essay on Leadership # Principles of Leadership (Essay 7). It varies according to them leaders correlate verbal and non-verbal messages ; and how they perceive them leaders. Popularity, confidence, intelligence, self- confidence and trust amongst the followers and an! 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