THE KINGDOM OF GOD IN THE OLD TESTAMENT. There is a future coming of the kingdom at the end of the age that has yet to happen. The Old Testament teaching on God’s kingdom is the necessary context for making sense of Jesus’ teaching and preaching, especially His announcement that the kingdom of God was “at hand” (Matt 3:2). The conditional nature of the covenant reveals God’s standard of holiness that must be maintained in His kingdom. In defining this Hebrew word in regards to God’s kingdom, George Ladd, says this: ‘God’s kingdom, His malkuth, is His universal rule, His sovereignty over all the earth.’ (The Gospel of the Kingdom, p20) Out of love, God created man and gave him dominion and responsibility over the earth. “And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing all manner of sickness and all manner of disease among the people.” Matthew 4:23 The Kingdom of God: A Guide for Old Testament Study Paperback – January 1, 1958 by Francis Breisch Jr. (Author) 5.0 out of 5 stars 5 ratings. As a believer, the kingdom of God resides within us (Luke 17:21). Basically, the Old Testament is saying that the entire universe, from the littlest to largest things, are His because God has dominion over them. in all its fullness to as many people as possible. And because of the abundance of the milk they give, there will be curds to eat. In that day the Lord will use a razor hired from beyond the Euphrates River—the king of Assyria—to shave your heads and private parts, and to cut off your beards also. The Old Testament - A Brief Overview Divided Kingdom - Israel and Judah After Solomon the fame and fortunes of Israel went downhill. The good news of the Kingdom of God in the Old Testament Old Testament prophets had spoken of the Kingdom of God while under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit (2 Peter 1:21). Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel. “And the Lord shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall there be one Lord, and his name one.” Zechariah 14:9. The kingship/kingdom of God is still to be considered as a basic and even central notion in the Old Testament. The kingdom of God on earth will be characterized by righteousness, peace, and holiness (Exodus 19.6; Deuteronomy 28.9). Copyright © 2020, iBelieve.com. This is as about as inglorious an end to Israel’s and Judah’s kingdoms as is imaginable. Yet, how often do we as believers discuss God’s kingdom and keep it on the forefront of our hearts? Graeme Goldsworthyhas summarized a definition of theKingdom of God as "God's people in God's place under God's rule." THE KINGDOM OF GOD IN THE OLD TESTAMENT Martin J. Selman I. Whereas Adam was given the responsibility to take dominion over the earth, Abraham is told that God will grant him dominion. It is considered that everything He created and under controlled is His Kingdom. Israel, through its kings, will be a blessing to all nations as God’s reign extends across the face of the earth. His word comes as God's ruling word with all authority. The Old Testament describes “kingdom” in two ways: creation and earthly kingdom. They knew that He … The unifying reality is the Kingdom of God, the rule of God over an obedient people which will be vindicated in glory at the end of history (p. 18). In John 18:36, Jesus tells Pilate that His Kingdom is not of this world and that, if His Kingdom were of this world, His followers would be using worldly methods (“my servants would have been fighting”) to defend it. Since the New Testament builds upon the literal meaning of the Old Testament message, a thorough … While there are some high points (Josiah, etc. A working definition of God’s kingdom from a biblical perspective can be seen as God’s universal reign as Creator and Christ’s exhaustive work as Redeemer. His role as Creator God establishes His authority over the earth and all of His creation: Psalm 24:1: “The earth is the LORD’s, and everything in it, the world, and all who live in it;”, Psalm 103:19: “The LORD has established his throne in heaven, and his kingdom rules over all.”, Colossians 1:16-17: “For in him all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things have been created through him and for him. The phrase ‘Kingdom of God’ (also ‘Kingdom of Heaven’ or ‘Kingdom of Light’) appears more than 80 times in the New Testament. They will all come and settle in the steep ravines and in the crevices in the rocks, on all the thornbushes and at all the water holes. The Israelites’ faith was to guide their actions. the Chaldaic Hebrew: MLKVCH Dan., iv, 28-29.The Greek basileia of the New Testament also has these two … their function in the kingdom of God. In Genesis 2, Satan convinced the first humans to trust in themselves, rather than in God’s wisdom, leading them to break fellowship with their Sovereign Creator. Price New from Used from Kindle "Please retry" $3.99 — — … This line of thought meshes with the classic view of scholars like Buber This, of course, does not mean that Christians have no influence in the world, but that our faith is measured by our relationship with Jesus, not by the standards of the world. MSJ 23/2 (Fall 2012) 173–192. God promised Israel they would have a King and a vast land area (Genesis 15.18-21). A In summarizing the Old Testament doctrine, it was noted in a previous article that the Old Testament concept of the kingdom includes 14 major features.1These can be summarized under three headings. Adam was that king, but he failed in his kingly task of taking dominion over the earth. One of the ways he did this was by calling the people of Israel back to God through repentance: Matthew 3:2: “and saying, ‘Repent, for the kingdom of heaven has come near.’”. I will make the descendants of David my servant and the Levites who minister before me as countless as the stars in the sky and as measureless as the sand on the seashore.’” The word of the LORD came to Jeremiah: “Have you not noticed that these people are saying, ‘The LORD has rejected the two kingdoms he chose’? Discover the world's research 19+ million members After Adam’s fall into sin, if dominion over the earth is going to be possible, it must be a gift from God (although God’s people still have an important role to play in its implementation). This shows God advancing His kingdom through a chosen people who would be permanently set apart for God’s purpose. We will turn to the Old Testament prophetic teaching about God’s kingdom in our next post. God’s holiness was the standard for the people’s obedience. She received her Masters of Theology Degree from Dallas Theological Seminary. However, Patrick still sees the Kingdom of God theme as a valid solo theme. Kingdom of God, also called Kingdom Of Heaven, in Christianity, the spiritual realm over which God reigns as king, or the fulfillment on Earth of God’s will. The Church is a part of the kingdom of God but is not the totality of His Kingdom. The anointed king of Israel was to be a righteous king who set a standard by which the nation was to live. With the Abrahamic promise the stage is set for Israel’s future role as God’s new son (Hosea 11:1). ‘The kingdom of God has come near. Like with many other doctrines, the doctrine of the kingdom in the New Testament builds on the concepts already revealed in the Old Testament. As believers of Christ, we are to worship Him as Lord. In this covenant God promises (through Nathan the prophet) to preserve a kingly line into the future, beginning with King David (2 Sam 7:12-16): The promise to David that God “will establish the throne of his kingdom forever” (7:13) becomes especially significant when we get to the prophets. The theme of the Bible is the kingdom of God. The LORD will bring on you and on your people and on the house of your father a time unlike any since Ephraim broke away from Judah—he will bring the king of Assyria.’ In that day the LORD will whistle for flies from the Nile delta in Egypt and for bees from the land of Assyria. His role … When Jesus taught that the kingdom was within the believer, His intent was to teach the believer of the new spiritual realm in which the person now lived. God's kingly rule or sovereignty. See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Zedekiah, his uncle, is placed on the throne by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar, but is killed when he rebels 11 years later (2 Kings 24:18-20; 2 Chron 36:11-14). Repent and believe the good news!’”, Matthew 3:2; 4:23: “And saying, ‘Repent, for the kingdom of heaven has come near.’” “Jesus went throughout Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, proclaiming the good news of the kingdom, and healing every disease and sickness among the people.”. A main concept in the Old Testament. As for all the hills once cultivated by the hoe, you will no longer go there for fear of the briers and thorns; they will become places where cattle are turned loose and where sheep run.”, Jeremiah 33:14-26: “‘The days are coming,’ declares the LORD, ‘when I will fulfill the good promise I made to the people of Israel and Judah. 2 Corinthians 4:4: “The god of this age has blinded the minds of unbelievers, so that they cannot see the light of the gospel that displays the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.” (Baker's Evangelical Dictionary). Below are 10 concepts about the kingdom that are important for a believer to understand: Since God is the Creator of everything, He reigns over all things. Christ’s own references to the kingdom of God were not new—the concept was a central, constant part of God’s revelation to Israel from the beginning. Was the Kingdom of God known in the Old Testament? The Ligonier Ministries site requires Javascript, but you’ve got Javascript disabled. Discover the world's research 19+ million members As members of God’s kingdom, through Christ, we are ambassadors of God on earth (2 Corinthians 5:20). This kingdom theme involves three essential components: a King, a people, and a place. Both John the Baptist and Jesus preached repentance as a prerequisite of belonging to the kingdom of God: Mark 1:15: “‘The time has come,’ he said. The kingdom of God seems precariously close to disappearing as Israel (the ten northern tribes), and then Judah, are carried off into exile (Israel in 722 BC [2 Kings 17:6-23] and Judah in 586 BC). Price New from Used from Kindle "Please retry" $3.99 — — … In other words, Jesus came preaching good news about the coming Kingdom of God. In Genesis 17:4-6 the “dominion mandate” originally given to Adam is renewed with Abram (now called Abraham): There is, however, a very important difference between Adam’s commission and the covenant God makes with Abraham. Dr. Ben C. Dunson is professor of New Testament at Reformation Bible College. “The Kingdom of God” has fallen out of favor amongst modern scholars as the primary or sole theme of the Old Testament. This prophecy in … The kingdom of God (the kingdom of heaven) looks the opposite of how the world expects. We’re going to start in the Old Testament. Since God is eternal, His kingdom is eternal. God’s Kingdom of today is not found in the Old Testament Scriptures (Eph. Exodus 19:3-6: "Then Moses went up to God, and the Lord called to him from the mountain and said, 'This is what you are to say to the descendants of Jacob and what you are to tell the people of Israel:  ‘You yourselves have seen what I did to Egypt, and how I carried you on eagles’ wings and brought you to myself. We are to pray for the coming of the fullness of God’s kingdom. In my last poston the kingdom of God in the Old Testament I laid out how God chose to rule His world through an earthly king. The whole Old Testament called attention not to a kingdom that would simply appear in people’s hearts, but to a kingdom that would break through into this world, a kingdom that would be ruled by God’s anointed Messiah. Here is what Mark reported: 14 Now after John was put in prison, Jesus came to Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, 15 and saying, ^The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand. “‘In those days and at that time I will make a righteous Branch sprout from David’s line; he will do what is just and right in the land. The Kingdom of God Is Not a Physical Place… So What Is It? How, especially was Israel to understand the seeming abandonment of God’s kingdom that the exile represents? As I mentioned, despite Adam’s sin and failure, God does not abandon His intention to rule over the earth through a human king. The phrase occurs frequently in the New Testament, primarily used by Jesus Christ in the first three Gospels. Furthermore, it must be a gift given in the context of God’s saving redemption of a sinful people, which is why the sacrificial system becomes so central in Israel’s national life. p. 35 6. While the Kingdom of God has been established on earth, it has not yet been made complete. His role … The Next 500 Years: 2017 National Conference, God in Our Midst: The Tabernacle and Our Relationship with God, Naming Ligonier the Beneficiary of a Bank or Investment Account, Gifts That Provide Income and Tax Benefits, The Kingdom of God in the Old Testament: Kingship and Creation, The Kingdom of God in the Old Testament: The Prophetic Hope, The Kingdom of God in the Old Testament: From Abraham to Israel. Prophecies in the Psalms Frequently in the Psalms as in the Prophets, references are made to God’s future theocratic kingdom. Saul, Israel’s first king, does not rule according to the Lord’s commands (see especially 1 Sam 13:8-15), and eventually is removed from his throne (1 Sam 15). In summarizing the Old Testament doctrine, it was noted in a previous article that the Old Testament concept of the kingdom includes 14 major features.1These can be summarized under three headings. The Jews Jesus preached to knew that God was king. He is before all things, and in him all things hold together.”. Professor of Old Testament The Master’s Seminary God’s kingdom program is a major theme of both the Old Testament and New Testament. However, the true king, God, is the one who sets the terms for Israel’s future king: God Himself will choose Israel’s king, who must be an Israelite (17:15); the king must not rely on the military aid of Egypt (17:16); he must guard his heart against idolatry (specifically by not marrying foreign wives [17:17]); he must not rely on the power that comes with extreme wealth (17:17); and finally he must rule according to God’s law (17:18-20). Jesus teaches on the mysteries of the kingdom of God through parables in the New Testament. In this chapter, the hearers learn that this age will encompass those who will believe as well as those who will not (13:11-23). He is God's true people. The Kingdom of God. Many people think of the kingdom of God as heaven or as the church. ", Genesis 17:8: "I will give to you and to your descendants after you, the land of your sojournings, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God. Israel certainly needed a godly king to rule over the nation, which can be seen in the downward spiral of national sin and rebellion in the book of Judges (see Judges 17:6; 18:1; 19:1; 21:25). God’s kingdom program is a major theme of both the Old Testament and New Testament. This is what the LORD says: ‘If I have not made my covenant with day and night and established the laws of heaven and earth, then I will reject the descendants of Jacob and David my servant and will not choose one of his sons to rule over the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Kingdom of God (in Matthew, generally, KINGDOM OF HEAVEN).—In this expression the innermost teaching of the Old Testament is summed up, but it should be noted that the word kingdom means ruling as well; thus it signifies not so much the actual kingdom as the sway of the king—cf. The parable of the mustard seed describes the kingdom of God as a movement of believers that will start small, but then experience rapid growth. The nation rebelled against God and his laws. The apostolic nature of God in the Old Testament has been on my mind for sometime. from Ben Dunson When the angel Gabriel announced the birth of Jesus to Mary, he confirmed Christ’s birth fulfilled God’s promise to David. A main concept in the Old Testament. Then, when Jesus came to be baptized, John recognized Jesus as the Lamb of God: John 1:29: “The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, ‘Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!”. That is where the biblical account both starts and finishes. Matthew 13 introduces a different form of the kingdom that had not been revealed in the Old Testament. In order to understand the realization of this Kingdom in the ministry of Jesus and his Church, one must see how the … God’s Kingdom of today is not found in the Old Testament Scriptures (Eph. Now if you obey me fully and keep my covenant, then out of all nations you will be my treasured possession. See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. The earliest example of the title king being used of God is in the 8th century B.C., This is our Great Commission. The kingdom of God has its objective reality in Him. God promised Israel they would have a King and a vast land area (Genesis 15.18-21). For I will restore their fortunes and have compassion on them.’”, Acts 13:22-23: “After removing Saul, he made David their king. Jesus teaches in the Beatitudes about the blessings the poor, merciful, hungry, and humble will receive in heaven. As Isaiah puts it, Israel is meant to be a “light to the nations” (Isa 42:6; 49:6; see also Isa 60:3) in the sense of being a bright beacon set on a mountain in order to show the nations the way of salvation, the way to Zion (see Micah 4:2). Simply put, God is the sovereign ruler of the universe. In fact, although one can sometimes get the wrong impression reading 1 Samuel that Israel’s desire for a king was purely sinful, already in the book of Deuteronomy God (through Moses) promised Israel that they would one day have a king. What Is Purgatory and Is it in the Bible? 173 MSJ 23/2 (Fall 2012) 173192 THE KINGDOM OF GOD IN THE OLD TESTAMENT William D. Barrick, Th.D. All the biblical promises find their fulfillment in Jesus Christ. The Kingdom of God: A Guide for Old Testament Study Paperback – January 1, 1958 by Francis Breisch Jr. (Author) 5.0 out of 5 stars 5 ratings. 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