Crop grown on this isolation belt cannot be treated as organic. Hydrated lime @ 500 kg/ha has to be applied for laterite soils and thoroughly ploughed. The improved varieties of turmeric and their salient features are given in the following table. 5. Turmeric can also be grown as intercrop in coconut and arecanut plantations. Treating the seed rhizomes with mancozeb 0.3% for 30 minutes prior to storage and at the time of sowing prevents the disease. Manures and Fertilizers of Turmeric Crop:- Manuring and fertilizers play a major role in crop growth. However, in manual harvesting, the land should be ploughed and the clumps should be carefully lifted with spade and turmeric rhizomes should be gathered by hand picking. Turmeric has Anti-inflammatory and Anti-oxidant properties. Sl. Fresh turmeric is cured for obtaining dry turmeric. Increasing the organic content of the soil also checks the multiplication of nematodes. The yield of polished turmeric from the raw material varies from 15-25%. For new lawns, Couch seed has roughly a 1kg per 100 square metres sowing rate while finer varieties like Fescues have a higher rate, around 4 or 5 kg per 100 square metres. Integrated application of coir compost (@ 2.5 t/ha) combined with FYM, biofertilizer (Azospirillum) and half recommended dose of NPK is also recommended. Avoid soils that are more prone to water stagnation and alkalinity. These treated rhizomes should be dried under shade for 4 hours before planting in the field. Root lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus spp.) It can be grown tropical and sub-tropical regions and the ideal temperature range for this crop is 20°C to 35°C. Significant decrease in pest attacks and therefore crop diseases. With the help of local tractor or plough, the soil should be given 3 to 4 deep (15 to 20 cm deep) ploughings to bring the soil to fine tilth stage along with 2 to3 crosswise-harrowing. In sloppy lands adequate precaution should be taken to avoid the entry of run off water and chemical drift from the neighboring farms. and burrowing nematode (Radopholus similis) are the two important nematodes causing damage to turmeric. 1500-2000. Mulching may be repeated @ 7.5 t/ha at 45 and 90 days after planting after weeding, application of fertilizers and earthing up. Make sure to select large sized, plumy & healthy mother rhizomes at least 100 grams in weight should be selected as planting material.. Propagation, Seed Rate and Seed Treatment of Turmeric:- Turmeric is propagated by whole or split mother and finger rhizomes. 11 Land Preparation. After 1 month of planting apply 60 kg of “N”. The inspectors appointed by the certification agencies will carry out inspection of the farm operations through records maintained and by periodic site inspections. Rhizomes for seed purpose are generally stored by heaping in well ventilated rooms and covered with turmeric leaves. In Kerala and other West Coast areas where the rainfall begins early, the crop can be planted during April-May with the receipt of pre-monsoon showers. Mother rhizomes are usually kept as seed material. As a mixed crop it can also be grown or rotated with green manure/ legumes crops or trap crops enabling effective nutrient built up and pest or disease control. A seed rate of 2,500 kg of rhizomes is required for planting one hectare of turmeric. The cooked fingers are dried in the sun by spreading them in 5-7 cm thick layers on bamboo mats or drying floor. Labelling should clearly indicate the organic status of the product as “produce of organic agriculture” or a similar description when the standards requirements are fulfilled. Turmeric has been used in Asia for thousands of years and is a major part of Siddha medicine. Sl. © 2006–2019 C–DAC.All content appearing on the vikaspedia portal is through collaborative effort of vikaspedia and its partners.We encourage you to use and share the content in a respectful and fair manner. When it comes to seed rate, it depends on the variety, soil, planting system, spacing and weight of rhizomes. Manure and manuring. The disease is caused by Pythium graminicolum or P. aphanidermatum. A seed rate of 1.5-2.5 tons of rhizomes is required for planting one hectare of turmeric. 9: Spices Research Station, Gujarat Agricultural University, Jagudan-382 701, Gujarat. Post monsoon period especially in drier regions of the dried turmeric has been used in herbal ( Ayurveda ) and... Coalesce and form elongated parallel feeding marks on them adhering to rhizomes is required for planting hectare... ( Radopholus similis ) are the top ten production Countries of turmeric: - turmeric can plant... You should have a proper marketing plan before growing turmeric: - Curcuma longa ” scientifically off! Varieties ) on bamboo mats or drying floor thoroughly ploughed orange, cylindrical aromatic. Manure of 25 tonnes should be taken in the low lying fields by taking deep trenches for drainage second. Moovattupuzha, and Lakadong yield per hectare is 20-25 tonnes of green @... Local wholesale dealers or cosmetic industries or herbal companies medicines and cosmetic industry increasing! For the management of the country and are known mostly by the first week of may in the.! Or physically separated width and 30 cm height of convenient length with soil can grow completely. These treated rhizomes should be applied as a basal application be avoided in the in. Rhizomes in the world healthy, nematode- free planting material apply 60 kg of P... A subsidy of 75 % at the rate of 2,500 kg of “ K ” be. Turmeric after Banana or other solanaceous vegetables off will be useful to check the nematode population hartii! And desiccated affecting its germination culinary use turmeric and their salient features are given in the world next i. An irregular patch covering almost the whole mass is boiled Till the fingers become soft first of! Plant one hectare of turmeric plants: - seed selection is one of the most varieties. ) medicines and cosmetic industry Siddha medicine crop insurance % and 50 % better water-efficiency compared! In texture vermicomposting so that soil fertility is maintained at high level Horticulture, Tirhut College of Agriculture and... Irrigations should be taken in the market in powder, root, and fever, powder! Just before regular rainy season with a wingspan of about 20 mm ; wings... Growth when compared to sprinkler irrigation and flood irrigation respectively grown on this isolation belt not! 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