The name Sundiata praises him through his mother which means "the lion of Sogolon" or "Sogolon's lion". The king of Jolof was defeated by Tiramakhan and his kingdom reduced to a vassal state. It is believed that Sundiata was once a dugu-tigi, or headman, of one of the villages of Kangaba. Sundjata was not an absolute monarch, despite what the title implies. [This article continues after a… He adhered to the traditional beliefs of … [5][50] There is however very little information regarding his cause of death. "The History of the Sunjata Epic: A Review of the Evidence." Sundiata, or Sun Djata, was also known in the Tarikhs (Moslem chronicles) as Mari Djata. Keita is a widely used family name. Delafosse previously proposed that, Soumaoro Kanté's grandfather with the help of his army and the Sosso nobility of Kaniaga captured what was left of the sacked Ghana Empire, and by 1180, Diara Kanté (var: Jara Kante), Soumaoro's father gained control of Koumbi Saleh, dethroned a Muslim dynasty and continued the Diarisso Dynasty (variation: Jariso or Jarisso) whose son (Soumaoro) went on to succeed him and launched an offensive against the Mandinkas. Newton, Robert C. 2006. [32] After his victory at Kirina, Sundiata took control of the former conquered states of the Sosso and appropriated privileges among those who participated in the defeat of Soumaoro. This date celebrates the birth of an African King Sundiata Keita, also known as Mari Diata, in approximately 1210. Introducing high school students to an “out of culture experience” can be difficult.But, as the world history curriculum broadens from its European focus to a more global one, teachers need to find ways to move beyond a “names, dates, and places” approach to non-European studies. "[58], From a global perspective, the Epic of Sundiata and the Mali Empire is taught in many schools, colleges and universities, not just in West Africa but in many parts of the World. See: BBC World Service, The Story of Africa. When King Soumaoro Kanté of Sosso conquered the Mandinka people, messengers were sent to go and look for Sogolon and her children, as Sundiata was destined to be a great leader according to prophecy. This is generally the accepted year of death. He is now regarded as a great magician-king and the national hero of the Malinke-speaking people. Source(s) Sundiata… At The Battle of Kirina, Sundiata and his allies defeated the Sosso king, and he became the first Emperor of the Mali Empire. [53] At present, the generally accepted cause of death is drowning in the Sankarani River, where a shrine that bears his name still remains today (Sundiata-dun meaning Sundiata's deep water). [33] It is believed that, it was probably this king of Jolof (known as Mansa Jolofing or Jolofing Mansa) who sided with Soumaoro at The Battle of Kirina[34] and possibly belongs to the Ngom Dynasty of Jolof, the predecessors of the Diaw and Ndiaye Dynasties of Jolof. Sundiata Keita (Mandinka, Malinke, Bambara: [sʊndʒæta keɪta]) (c. 1217 – c. 1255 ) (also known as Manding Diara, Lion of Mali, Sogolon Djata, son of Sogolon, Nare Maghan and Sogo Sogo Simbon Salaba) was a prince and founder of the Mali Empire. [31] Soumaoro is regarded as one of the true champions of the Traditional African religion. Conversely, the written sources left out other pieces of information that the oral tradition includes. Some Bambaras and Mandinkas have proposed that the name Keita actually means inheritor (heir-apparent) in the Mandinka language, and that Sundiata's real surname is Konaté (French spelling in Mali) or Konateh, variations: Konate, Conateh (English spelling in the Gambia where the Mandinkas make up the largest ethnic group). [51] His three sons (Mansa Wali Keita, Mansa Ouati Keita and Mansa Khalifa Keita) went on to succeed him as Mansas of the Empire. In 1240 Sundiata seized and razed Kumbi, the former capital of the Sudanese empire of Ghana, and by this act succeeded in obliterating the last symbol of Ghana’s past imperial glory. Sundiata's name is thus a derivation of his mother's name Sogolon (Son or its variation Sun) and Jata (lion).[24][25]. The Manding languages were spoken in the empire. She was constantly teased and ridiculed openly for her son's disability. Johnson, John William. Sinimogo, ‘Man for tomorrow’: Sunjata on the fringes of the Mande world. See Snodgrass (2009), p. 77. Sundiata Keita, also known as Sun Djata, Mari Djata, Manding Diara, Sogolon Djata, Lion of Mali, son of Sogolon, Sogo Sogo Simbon Salaba, and Nare Maghan, was the founder of the Mali Empire. Sundiata is now being welcomed not only by the gods who … The Malinke kingdom, Kangaba, was part of the Ghana empire of West Africa. Scholars such as Snodgrass gave a date range of 1217 to 1255. Serer oral tradition speaks of a Serer king of Jolof, involved in the occult (just as Soumaoro), who was later defeated by Tiramakhan Traore (one of the generals of Sundiata) after Sundiata sent his men to buy horses in Jolof. Sundiata, or Sun Djata, was also known in the Tarikhs (Moslem chronicles) as Mari Djata. Who was Mansa Musa? According to Fyle, Soumaoro was the inventor of the balafon and the dan (a four-string guitar used by the hunters and griots). The epic poem is primarily known through oral tradition, transmitted by generations of Maninka griots (djeli or jeliw). He ruled from 1235 to 1255 CE and established the Mali Empire as the dominant power in the region. 1260) was the founder of the Mali empire in West Africa. Little is known about the actual administration of Mali during Sundiata’s time. Sundiata, by never despairing and trusting patiently in his impending destiny, has come to this moment of recognition ready to take up the mantle. Of Dangerous Energy and Transformations: Nyamakalaya and the Sunjata Phenomenon. Sundjata Keita established his capital at his home village of Niani, Mali, near the present-day Malian border with Guinea. Sundiata's mother was most responsible for her son's exile. The consensus is, in c. 1235, Sundiata who had survived one of Soumaoro's earlier raids went to war with the help of his allies against King Soumaoro of Sosso. Updates? "Sundiata", Encyclopædia Britannica Online. [36] According to Fage, there is nothing in the original epos that supports the claim. He ruled the Mali Empire between 1235 and 1255. At The Battle of Kirina, Sundiata and his allies defeated the Sosso king, and he became the first Emperor of the Mali Empire. Search through the entire ancient history timeline. Sunjata Keita, also spelled Sundiata or Soundiata, is a heroic figure still praised today in the songs of griots - traditional storytellers and keepers of history in West Africa. As the region became more Muslim, so did the portrayal of Sundiata. The African Studies Association describe it as "...too creative to be useful to historians". founder of the Mali Empire Born: c. 1210 Birthplace: Kangaba State (in present-day Mali) West Africa An ethnic Malinké (also known as Mandinka), Mari Diata was the son of Nare Maghan, ruler of the small state of Kangaba in present-day Mali, West Africa.When Mari was a young man, Sumanguru Kante, king of the nearby Soso Empire, killed Nare and annexed Kangaba. He laid the foundation for a powerful and wealthy African empire and proclaimed the first charter of human rights, the Manden Charter. He was the first of the Mandinka line of kings to adopt the royal title Mansa (king or emperor in the Mandinka language). The epic tale of Sundiata provides an excellent example of the tension between the traditional religious role of West African kings and the growing influence of Islam in the savannah. He is recorded on the Bible Timeline with World History between 1217 and 1260. [61], 1995 Burkinabe movie Keïta! He is now regarded as a great magician-king and the national hero of the Malinke-speaking people. During his reign he established the territorial base of the empire and laid the foundations for its future prosperity and political unity. 1260) was the founder of the Mali empire in West Africa. …time of a king called Sundiata, the Keita kings of Mali, in the well-watered and gold-bearing lands of the uppermost Niger valley, gained ascendancy and incorporated what was left of ancient Ghana into their own considerably more extensive empire.…, …destroyed by the Mande emperor Sundiata, and what was left of the empire of Ghana was incorporated into his new empire of Mali.…, …to revolt, and in 1230 Sundiata, the brother of Kangaba’s fugitive ruler, won a decisive victory against the Susu chief. The Epic of Sundiata:Using African Literature in the Classroom Margaret Lo Piccolo Sullivan. Immense wealth was gained from acting as a trade hub between the interior and … Sundiata’s father, Maghan Kon Fatta, was king of the city of Niani. Sundiata Keita was the founder of the Mali Empire and is popularly referred to as the Lion King. [9][10], Written sources augment the Mande oral histories, with the Moroccan traveller Muhammad ibn Battúta (1304–1368) and the Tunisian historian ibn Khaldun (1332–1406) both having travelled to Mali in the century after Sundiata's death, and providing independent verification of his existence. The semi-historical but legendary Epic of Sundiata by the Malinké/Maninka people centers on his life. "[54] Others have maintained that, he was assassinated at a public demonstration. Exile also gave Sundiata the perfect opportunity to learn about traditions and cultures in the area surrounding Mali. Camara, Seydou. It's loosely based on its founder Sundiata Keita. Timeline Search. Among his peers, he became a leader. The Epic of Sundiata is important as a long-standing piece of oral history explaining the founding of the Mali Empire through a semi-mythologized retelling of the life of Sundiata Keita. It is reported that, when Sundiata sent his men to Jolof to buy horses in a caravan loaded with gold, the king of Jolof took all the gold and horses – known among some as "the robbery of the horses". "By unifying the military force of 12 states, Sundiata becomes an emperor known as the Lion King of Mali, who controls tribes from the Niger River west to the Atlantic Ocean. The Walt Disney film, ‘Lion King’ is said to be inspired by his legend. [49], Mansa Sundiata Keita died in c. 1255. Why is the Epic of Sundiata important? [57] Disney has maintained that the film was inspired by William Shakespeare's Hamlet. Butchering Heroism? [51][53] If one is to believe Delafosse, he was "accidentally killed by an arrow during a ceremony. The name Sogolon derives from his mother and Jata means lion. Who is Sundiata and why is he important in Mali history? The great Kikikor was killed and his kingdom was renamed Kaabu. That was an addition by Delafosee which was contrary to the original sources. On his return, he was accompanied by an army given to him by the King of Mema. He also learnt about Islam during his exile. Also known as Mali’s Lion Prince, the great warrior was the hero from the epic story of the Old Mali Empire. 1210-ca. Jara and many of its variations such as jata, jala or jada are merely regional variations, from Gambia, Guinea or Mali, for instance. .Ralph A Austen (ed.). Wilks, Ivor. Prior to this, Sundiata was the king / chief of a small, obscure Mandinka tribe within the Ghana Empire. His generals, however, continued to extend the boundaries of his empire to include areas as far north as the southern fringes of the Sahara (including the important trade centre of Walata), east to the Great Bend of the Niger River, south to the goldfields of Wangara (the exact location is still unknown to scholars), and west to the Sénégal River. He went on to state that: In his piece in the General History of Africa, Volume 4, p. 133, Djibril Tamsir Niane alludes to Sundiata being a Muslim. The Malian ruler Mansa Musa, who made a pilgrimage to Mecca, was his great-nephew. Belcher, Stephen. Prior to this, Sundiata was the king / chief of a small, obscure Mandinka tribe within the Ghana Empire. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Sundiata was admired by the King of Mema for his courage and tenacity. According to tradition, Sundiata was spared because he was a sickly boy who already appeared to be near death. See: Great Britain. Sundiata Keita established the Mali Empire. "The epic of Sunjata: structure, preservation and transmission." Why is Sundiata Keita important? This article is within the scope of WikiProject Biography, a collaborative effort to create, develop and organize Wikipedia's articles about people.All interested editors are invited to join the project and contribute to the discussion.For instructions on how to use this banner, please refer to the documentation. [40][41] Although Sundiata was not a Muslim, it is clear that the original epic of Sundiata was later affected by what Ralph Austen calls "Islamicate" culture—that is, the integration of Islamic and Arab culture. [44] However, in a wider perspective of 13th century West African military history, Sundiata stood out as a great leader who was able to command the loyalties of his generals and army. The importance of the mother is underscored by the narrator, who says "the child is worth no more than the mother is worth." (The name Mali absorbed the name Kangaba at about this time.)…. After 1240 Sundiata apparently led no further conquests but consolidated his hold on the states already under his control. In the epic, Soumaoro is portrayed as evil because he relied on "witchcraft" for his power. He also failed to give sources as to how he arrived to that conclusion and the genealogy he created. eds Alexander, Leslie M., & Walter C. Rucker, The International Journal of African Historical Studies, A Grammar of the Mandingo Language: With Vocabularies, Making America – A History of the United States. Both points of contention agree that Keita is not a real surname, but rather a royal name, in spite of the fact that Sundiata is referred to as Sundiata Keita in many scholarly works. and prescribed Diara Kanté (1180) as the father of Soumaoro, in order to link the Sossos to the Diarisso Dynasty of Kaniaga (Jarisso). "The Historical Transformation of Genres: Sunjata as Panegyric, Folktale, Epic, and Novel." : Sunjata and the Negotiation of Postcolonial Mande Identity in Diabate's Le Boucher de Kouta. As such, he was given a senior position within the kingdom. to 1255 C.E. Sundiata Keita was a great hunter and was considered to be an accomplished magician. The Malinke kingdom, Kangaba, was part of the Ghana empire of West Africa. The name Jata derives from Jara (lion). Sundiata Keita (c. 1210 – c. 1260) was the founder of the Mali Empire.He ruled as emperor (mansa) from 1235 to 1260.He is celebrated as a hero of the Mandinka people of West Africa in the Epic of Sundiata.Sundiata changed his father's small kingdom into the core of the Mali Empire. 78 • Sundiata pronounced all the prohibitions which still obtain in relations Though he probably wielded popular authority, the Mali Empire was reportedly run like a federation, with each tribe having a chief representative at the court. Ralph A Austen (ed.). 1235). Corrections? [44] In Kaabu (part of present-day Guinea Bissau), he defeated the last great Bainuk king (King Kikikor) and annexed his state. Mamadou Kouyate quoted in BBC World Service, Ronica Roth, "Mali's Boy-King: A Thirteenth-Century African Epic Becomes Digital". Tiramakhan was responsible for the conquest of the Senegambia. [44][56], It was during his reign that Mali first began to become an economic power, a trend continued by his successors an improved on thanks to the ground work set by Sundiata, who controlled the region's trade routes and gold fields. He did so by fulfilling many of the traditional religious functions expected of rulers in the West African societies whose political leaders were viewed as religious figures with quasi-divine powers. After the decline of Ghana in the thirteenth century, something of a political vacuum developed in the savannah. The first tribes were Mandinka clans of Traore, Ka… He defeated Sumanguru decisively in the Battle of Kirina (near modern Koulikoro, Mali) about 1235 and succeeded in forcing the former tributary states of Kaniaga to recognize his suzerainty. Sundiata Keita was the founder of the Mali Empire in West Africa. Sundiata was admired by the King of Mema for his courage and tenacity. It is proposed that Sundiata Keita's father, Naré Maghann Konaté, took the real family name Konaté while his successors were "Keitas in waiting" (heirs to the throne). [58] Towards the end of his reign, "absolute security" is reported to have "prevailed throughout his dominion. Sundiata Keita defeats Sumanguru, the king of Sosso, and establishes independence for the Malinke. In a revenge attack, Sundiata sent his general to Jolof to assassinate the king. "The dichotomy of power and authority in Mande society and in the epic of Sunjata." Published translations of the epic include D. T. Niane's prose version, This page was last edited on 7 February 2021, at 22:15. [51][52] According to some, he died of drowning while trying to cross the Sankarani River, near Niani. Many of these laws have been incorporated into the constitution of modern-day Mali. He organized a private army and consolidated his position among his own people before challenging the power of Sumanguru and the neighbouring Susu people. [44] Although the conquered states were answerable to the Mansa (king) of Mali, Sundiata was not an absolute monarch despite what the title implies. [9], A strong army was a major contributor to the success of Imperial Mali during the reign of Mansa Sundiata Keita. [43] The social and political constitution of Mali were first being codified during the reign of Mansa Sundiata Keita. Sundiata won, and the Mali Empire began. Niane has advanced the claim that, the Jolofing Mansa sided with Sumaguru [or Soumaoro] because "like him, he was hostile to Islam." The video game Age of Empires II HD: The African Kingdoms contains a five-chapter campaign depicting Sundjata. Upon finding him in Mema, they persuaded him to come back in order to liberate the Mandinkas and their homeland. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [48] The Empire flourished from the 13th to the late 14th century[11] but began to decline as some vassal states threw away the yoke of Mali and regained their independence. Also Know, why is Sundiata Keita important? During his reign he established the territorial base of the empire and laid the foundations for its future prosperity and political unity. [28][29] Delafosse's original work has been refuted and discarded by many scholars including Monteil, Cornevin, etc. Sundiata Keita was the first ruler of the Mali Empire from 1235 C.E. His paternal half-brother, Dankaran Touman, and Dankaran's mother, Sassouma Bereté, were cruel and resentful of Sundiata and his mother. It was on the plain of Siby (var: Sibi) where they formed a pact brotherhood in order to liberate their country and people from the powerful Sosso king. The famous West African and ostentatious[55] ruler Mansa Musa was his great-nephew. Although a valiant warrior, Soumaoro was defeated at The Battle of Kirina (c. To escape persecution and threats on her son's life, Sogolon took her children, Sundiata, and his sisters, into exile. Though he was a Muslim, Sundiata also exploited local religion, building a reputation as a man of powerful magic. [44] Credit to Mali's conquests cannot all be attributed to Sundiata Keita but equally shared among his generals, and in this, Tiramakhan Traore stood out as one of the elite generals and warlords of Sundiata's Imperial Mali. Ralph A Austen (ed.). He was crowned the Emperor after The Battle of Kirina in 1235 where he defeated the Sosso king. Why is it important that Mali be seen as eternal? The Great Gbara Assembly was in charge of checking the Mansa's power, enforcing his edicts among their people, and selecting the successor (usually the Mansa's son, brother or sister's son). Little is known about his early life. Through this determination, he one day miraculously got up and walked. Monteil describes his work as "unacceptable". Sundiata Characteristics 715 Words | 3 Pages. The imperial system he established, however, survived the years of internecine conflicts over the succession after his death. Sundiata Keita, whose name means Lion Prince, was born early in the 13 th century to a noble family within the Malinke people. Real story of The Lion King Movie: True story of Sundiata Keita that inspired Disney's The Lion King. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). This account is a well-known oral tradition. With the Page 2/15. Some of these former vassals went on to form empires of their own. [30] Sumanguru, ruler of the neighbouring state of Kaniaga, overran Kangaba at the beginning of the 13th century and murdered all of Sundiata’s brothers. This exile lasted for many years and took them to different countries within the Ghana Empire and eventually to Mema where the king of Mema granted them asylum. Although Sundiata was nominally a Muslim and therefore acceptable to the predominantly Muslim merchant class, he managed to retain his support among the non-Muslim population. The lure of profits from the gold trade, made possible by Mali’s acquisition of Wangara, and the tranquillity that prevailed under Sundiata’s leadership attracted merchants and traders, and Niani soon became a key commercial centre in the Sudan. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. She needed to be sure he could hold vontrol and act as regent before challenging Dankaran Touman. LitCharts Teacher Editions. Naval Intelligence Division, Index of African mythology and creation narratives, List of African deities and mythical figures, Traditional African religion and other religions, Age of Empires II HD: The African Kingdoms. Walt Disney Studios reprised the story of Sundiata in 1994 as an animated film. [15][16][17][18][19][20], The Mandinka epic does not give us dates, but Arab and North African writers who visited the area about a century after the epic's events documented on paper some of the information, including dates and a genealogy. Austen, Ralph A. [43] Assisted by his generals, Tiramakhan being one of the most prominent, he went on to conquer other states. It's a testament to the themes of patience, destiny, and heroism. [37], Some Muslim griots later added to the epic of Sundiata by claiming that Sundiata has "an ancestral origin among the companions of Muhammad in Mecca" (namely, Bilal Ibn Rabah)[38] and speaks of himself as a successor to Dhu al-Qarnayn, a conqueror and king mentioned in the Quran, commonly regarded as a reference to Alexander the Great[dubious – discuss]. It grew to be one of largest and richest empires of Africa. [45][46] Sundiata was responsible for the conquest of Diafunu and Kita. Sundiata Keita, whose name means Lion Prince, was born early in the 13 th century to a noble family within the Malinke people. Sundiata Keita was the first ruler of the Mali Empire in the 13th century C.E. The Mali Empire had many important cultural effects on West Africa, spreading language, laws and customs along the Niger River. the Tautain story etc.) Their cruelty escalated after the death of Naré Maghann (the king and father of Sundiata). After defeating the former ally of Soumaoro, Tiramakhan ventured deep into present-day Senegal, the Gambia and Guinea Bissau and conquered them. McGuire, James R. 1999. There are written versions of the epic (just as there are written summaries of movies or film adaptations of books) but its original form is as an oral poem, performed by a jali - a professional bard. l'Héritage du griot tells the legend of Sundiata Keita.[62]. And all these European influences/renditions is nothing but an attempt to capitalize on it without giving the people its proper credit.” Likewise, why is the Epic of Sundiata important? Known as the Gbara and the Kouroukan Fouga, although not written and even subject to alterations in retelling and when they were first recorded in written form, they were part of the social and political norms of Mali. [47], Sundiata Keita was not merely a conqueror who was able to rule over a large empire with different tribes and languages, but also developed Mali's mechanisms for agriculture, and is reported to have introduced cotton and weaving in Mali. This significantly affected Sundiata and he was determined to do everything he possibly could in order to walk like his peers. Keita was the son of Nare Maghan, the ruler of Kangaba, a small state located on an offshoot of the upper Niger River. Sundiata Keita was born in 1217. Dr. Lehman African American History Sundiata an epic of old Mali is a story about Sundiata Keita who … He adopted the title of Mansa, meaning Emperor. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Sundiata-Keita, African American Registry - Biography of Sundiata Keita, Ancient Origins - Sundiata Keita: The Lion King of Mali. He was the son of one of Nare's wives, Sogolon Conde. Sundiata was the son of Naré Maghann Konaté (variation: Maghan Konfara) and Sogolon Condé (variations: "Sogolon Kolonkan" or "Sogolon Kédjou", the daughter of the "buffalo woman", so-called because of her ugliness and hunchback). Monteil, Charles, "Fin de siècle à Médine (1898-1899)". The lands of the old Ghana Empire were conquered. [21], The proper English spelling of Sundiata's name is Sunjata, pronounced soon-jah-ta, approaching the actual pronunciation in the original Mandinka. 1210-ca. [12][59][60] Some scholars such as Ellen Snodgrass, and others have observed similarities with the 13th-century Epic of Sundiata to Walt Disney's 1994 animated film The Lion King. Trey McElveen, Mrs. Rohlfs, "Hamlet and The Lion King: Shakespearean Influences on Modern Entertainment", "Histoire de la puissance mandinque d' après la légende et la tradition", The True Lion King of Africa: The Epic History of Sundiata, King of Old Mali, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sundiata_Keita&oldid=1005484931, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with disputed statements from July 2019, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Sundiata belonged to the Keita clan of the Malinke people from the small kingdom of Kangaba, near the present Mali-Guinea border. [3][4][5] However, some of Sundiata's successors were Muslim, with Mansa Musa Keita being one of the most widely known. [39] Claims such as these are referred to by scholars like G. Wesley Johnson as nothing more than "Islamic legitimacy" - in African countries where Islam is now the predominant religion such as Senegal, and where Muslim griots try to link historical African figures to the prophet Muhammad either through a line of descent or by claiming that the ancestor of the historical figure belonged to Muhammad's tribe or was one of his followers (an attempt to distant them from their traditional African religious past). c. 1240 CE. Keita was the founder and ruler of the Mali Empire in West Africa. [35] At present, little is known about the Ngom Dynasty of Jolof. At present, there is no consensus among the scholars regarding the name Sundiata Konaté. Sundiata is regarded as a great hunter and magician whose subjects predominantly adhered to traditional beliefs, as did Sundiata. Sundiata Keita, Sundiata also spelled Sundjata or Soundiata, also called Sundiata, Mārī Diāṭa, or Mari Jata, (died 1255), West African monarch who founded the western Sudanese empire of Mali. He was crowned the Emperor after The Battle of Kirina in 1235 where he defeated the Sosso king. The warlords of Mali at the time who were his age group included: Tabon Wana, Kamadia Kamara (or Kamadia Camara), Faony Condé, Siara Kuman Konaté and Tiramakhan Traore (many variations: "Trimaghan" or "Tiramaghan", the future conqueror of Kaabu). 'S quality scale religion, building a reputation as a great magician-king the. Original work has been refuted and discarded by many scholars including monteil, Charles ``. First charter of human rights, the Gambia and Guinea Bissau and them... In Diabate 's Le Boucher de Kouta [ 58 ] Towards the end of reign... As Start-Class on the Bible Timeline with World History between 1217 and 1260 to form empires their... 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